Introduction to History of Cloud Computing: For various firms throughout the world, cloud computing is now the best way to supply solutions and enterprise applications. Early in the 1960s is when cloud computing history began. The time-sharing ideas originated from the use of remote job input during this period. It was common knowledge that DEC (Digital Equipment Corporation) and IBM used this nomenclature.
By the start of the 1970s, full time-sharing systems became accessible as a result of this increase. In the 1990s, a select few telecoms behemoths started offering VPN (Virtual Private Network) services at affordable rates. It allowed them to utilize the network as a whole more effectively because they could swap traffic with appropriate server utilisation. The cloud metaphor for virtualized services first appeared in 1994. In this article, animalworlds.vn will discuss history of cloud computing and 6 advantages.
Who Invented Cloud Computing?
J.C.R. Licklider (Joseph Carl Robnett Licklider), an American psychologist and computer scientist, created cloud computing in the early 1960s. His work on the ARPANet (Advanced Research Project Agency Network), which attempted to connect people and data globally, introduced the Cloud Computing technology that is familiar to us all today.
J.C.R. Licklider, who was born on March 11th, 1915, in St. Louis, Missouri, earned a BA degree with three specializations—physics, mathematics, and psychology—from Washington University in 1937. Licklider obtained his Ph.D. in psychology from the University of Rochester in 1942 after finishing his MA in psychology later in 1938. His dedication to information technology, combined with his years of experience working in various capacities, led to his 1962 appointment as Head of IPTO at ARPA (US Department of Defense Advanced Research Project Agency). His goal resulted in ARPANet, the predecessor to the modern Internet.
Why Cloud Computing was Invented?
The Defense Advanced Research Project Agency gave $2 million in 1963 for a project that included developing a system that allows two or more people to use computers simultaneously. Here, enormous computers with reels of magnetic tape for memory and an early form of what is now known as “cloud computing” were deployed. It functioned as a cloud, allowing a maximum of three persons to join. J.C.R. Licklider created the ARPANet (known as the rudimentary form of the internet) in 1969 with an eye toward expansion.
He created his concept for the Intergalactic Computer Network, a system that would allow everyone on Earth to be connected via computers and have access to knowledge from anywhere at any time. The term “virtualization,” which was first used in the 1970s, has changed to refer to the development of a virtual machine that functions exactly like a genuine computer system. The development of cloud computing infrastructure was influenced by the widespread usage of virtual computers in the 1990s and by businesses that provided virtual services.
Advantages Behind Cloud Computing
In recent years, cloud computing has grown significantly in popularity. Cloud storage has established itself as a viable option for corporate needs because to improvements in data security. Similar to web-based email services, the cloud allows users to store large amounts of data and access it from anywhere in the world. Facebook, Instagram, Google Cloud, and other limited cloud-based services are just a few examples. Such a program offers cloud-hosted servers where user personal information is kept and made accessible afterwards.
Several benefits of cloud computing for enterprises are listed below:
- Being on the cloud or using a cloud-based server makes you more cost-effective because it will be simpler to access organizational data and information, which will save time and money in the beginning. Additionally, the cloud offers storage space as well, so you only pay for the installed storage. Investment in cloud applications increases along with revenue growth.
- When it comes to on-site viewing and storage of data and documents, security is a major concern. The similar thing is being done for remote data access in cybercrime. Encrypting the data being transmitted over networks is the key to improving security. Moreover, users can choose from a variety of security options.
- Instead of hosting an application on a local server, the cloud offers a lot of hosting options. It improves the organization’s overall effectiveness.
- Greater connectedness and mobility are made possible by cloud computing, enabling connections to people and information. Data can be accessed at any time, from any location.
- Applications that use the cloud automatically update and upgrade their software versions.
- Cloud storage aids in preventing data loss. Any valuable data that is saved on local hardware may become corrupted as a result of malware, viruses, or hardware problems. It is preferable to store all data in the cloud, which offers greater flexibility and accessibility at any moment, to prevent loss.
Conclusion History of Cloud Computing
Cloud computing, which provides more flexibility and lower costs, gives IT staff options. Cloud computing takes advantage of market demands by boosting resource utilization and providing huge benefits to clients of all sizes. It ensures increased dependability and scalability.
Despite the potential advantages, some companies are still hesitant to utilize the cloud due to a number of application security flaws that could eventually hurt them. Cloud computing has the potential to lead the pack, but there are key challenges it must get over if it is to keep expanding, according to ongoing research and development initiatives.